Skin cancer is a leading cause of illness and ultimately death of white Australians. It is caused by over-exposure to the sun and tanning. This article will tell you about this disease so that you can take preventive action.
According to many reports, people having light skin, hair and eyes are more likely to contract this disease. This doesn’t mean that dark-toned people don’t get skin cancer; even they can get it due to overexposure to the sun. Tanning beds may also cause skin cancer.
The other high-risk people of skin cancer are;
- People living in high altitudes
- People living in sunny areas
- People who have had a family history of this disease
- People who had skin cancer earlier
- Those people who have been exposed to the sun since their young age.
- Lastly, people who have weak immune systems might also get this disease.
Males are more likely to get skin cancer than females. There are three kinds of skin cancer- basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma. The first two make up more than 90 percent of all cases of skin cancer. These cancers are easy to diagnose and treat. Melanoma is difficult to detect and treat.
Skin cancer can manifest on head, neck, face, lips, inside the mouth, abdomen, thighs, palms, arms, soles, and even on testicles. Some skin cancers occur inside the rectal opening as well. The main symptoms of skin cancer are.
- There are changes in the color and size of warts
- Affected skin becomes dry, peach or pink colored
- There might be festering wounds on the skin
- Wounds and injuries are painful to heal
Skin cancer can be treated in several ways. These are.
- Skin cancer cells are spliced off the body and later examined under a microscope. The process is continued further until there are no more cancerous cells on the skin.
- A high beam of energy is directed toward the affected body part. This beam of light kills cancerous cells and stops the spread of this disease to other parts of the body. This treatment is effective and inexpensive.
- In some instances, the topmost cancerous tissue is removed, and the underlying cells are treated with an electric needle. These cells are later frozen by liquid nitrogen. This way, the spread of cancer is halted.
- Cancer cells can also be frozen by liquid nitrogen to halt the disease.
- Some drugs are given to the patients; these drugs work along with the light. This treatment is also called photodynamic therapy.
- In a few cases, this disease is treated by boosting the body’s immune systems. This is done by administering vaccines like interferon.
- Certain skin cancers are treated with chemotherapy. Lotions and creams are applied to the patient’s affected body part if skin cancer is superficial. If the disease is widespread, then the nature and scope of this treatment changes.
Please note that each of these treatments depends upon the nature and scope of the disease. Skin cancer can be treated entirely if the disease is diagnosed well in advance. If you suspect you or anyone else has this disease, contact cancer specialists like Sundoctors immediately. You can prevent this disease by doing these things;
- Avoid working long hours in the sun.
- Cover up while working or walking in the sun.
- Apply sunscreen while walking, working, etc. in the sun.
- Don’t use tanning beds; these may cause skin cancer.
Above all, please monitor your skin frequently. Watch your warts, moles, etc. If they are changing their appearance, visit a doctor.